— < 1 min read

Gmail provided by the paid Google Workspace service (formerly known as G Suite and Google Apps) has unofficial DNSSEC-signed MX records available for use. The officially supported ones that you’re told to configure do not offer DNSSEC signing.

These MX records have both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, although the records are not officially supported or documented and may be unreliable or removed at any point. (I’ve been using them for a while now and they seem perfectly fine to me but use at your own risk.)


The table below has the MX record and the A and AAAA record values.



    2001:4860:4802:36 …
 — 7 min read

A brief history of a tiny part of the Internet.

Blackhole 1 — Blackhole as it was originally known — was written on Python 2.7, briefly supporting Python 2.6 for a time and also supporting early version of Python 3, PyPy 2 and PyPy 3. Built on top of Tornado, it was asynchronous in a fashion and — quite simply — worked.

The original prototype that became Blackhole was SimpleMTA — a prototype that was created quickly, to serve a very simple testing purpose that I had for it.

As I needed SimpleMTA to do more, I wrote Blackhole to accomplish that task. I’d been using Tornado a bit and wanted to experiment with it more. Building on top of Tornado created some oddities in how the program was designed and that always irked me.

Between the time of the last 1.8.X and the 2.0 release, I experimented with …

 — < 1 min read

I think most of us have been in a position where we really shouldn’t continue communicating with someone or contact that person when drunk… You know what I mean, ex relationships etc (it happens.)

With Postfix you can block yourself from emailing that person again, which is quite useful.

In /etc/postfix/main.cf add make the start of your smtpd_recipient_restrictions look like below.

smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
    check_recipient_access hash:/etc/postfix/recipient_access,

Create a new file /etc/postfix/recipient_access and add the email address you wish to block, the word REJECT in capitals and optionally; a reason. Example below.

test@example.com REJECT Don't be silly... You're probably drunk.

For every address you wish to block yourself from emailing, simply add them on a new line.

You can see the email is blocked from being sent in /var/log/mail.log.

NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from 554 5 …